Forests are by all means much needed on our planet, not due to the fact that they naturally filter our water, or reduce the pollution in the air from the free radicals and gases, but also help rainfalls appear more often and improve the lives of many endangered species. Moreover, rainfalls are crucial when they appear in dry areas and help with soil fertility. Rainfalls make places that are under desertification easier to be planted. This should further decrease GHGs, by mobilizing them in plants via photosynthesis. One of our goals is to plant and make new forests, but we also try to restore the original forests, by planting more and more and expanding the forested areas. The places where this could work are selected by using global planning and strategy.
Reforestation involves indigenous peoples, wildlife, breathable air — even the cocoa powder and palm oil in your favorite breakfast spread. Fundamentally, though, it’s a matter of creating the conditions for Earth to continue supporting human life.
Forests can encourage rainfall, guarantee clean water, reduce air pollution, and provide livelihoods for local people and reserves for rare wildlife. People worldwide are waking up to the potential of “nature based solutions” as reforestation and other ecological restoration to capture carbon. Such solutions could provide a large decrease in greenhouse gas mitigation required to provide a good chance of stabilising our impact on nature below the critical threshold.
DGB aims to help the planet by restoring its original forests, while multiplying the amount of reforested land. Pieces of land are selected in strategic places around the world that we will convert back into indigenous forests. It isn’t simply a case of filling every available space with trees. Species need to be chosen carefully to ensure they grow well – especially on deforested or degraded land – and fit into the existing ecosystem. There are other landscapes – such as grasslands and peatlands – which are rich in biodiversity and can also lock up lots of carbon dioxide in their own right. These must be protected and here it might not be appropriate to plant trees.
Even though it looks like it's easy to grab some seeds and place them in the ground, planting is, in fact, much more complex. You can’t fill in every space you have with a tree, thus making a crucial step to give them some space, as well as other factors they need in order to grow safely. It's even more delicate if the place has been deforested before or is located on land where the soil is dry and not very fertile.
Many forests have been cleared for our needs. Many of them are reused to become places where primary food is produced, but as the world's population grows, we need even more food, and the lands need reforestation after some time.
Reforesting the planet's food-producing lands would reduce carbon dioxide and other GHGs by 3 gigatons per year, equivalent to using 642 million vehicles on a yearly basis.
Degraded land occurs when there is temporary clearing, logging selectively, and other human actions. If the natural ecosystem and its balance are destroyed, then it's more likely for us to have fires and with it - high carbon dioxide release. Regrowing a damaged forest can have a big impact on the carbon dioxide measures in the air.
In some areas, emissions from degradation can exceed those of deforestation. Once damaged, natural ecosystems are more vulnerable to drought and fires. Helping natural forest regrow can have a globally significant effect on carbon dioxide levels. This approach – called proforestation – is ineffective, immediate and low-cost method for removing and storing atmospheric carbon in the long-term. And it can be used across many different kinds of forests around the world.
In dry areas where the soil is degraded, rainwater can no longer infiltrate the ground. When it rains, water washes away unused. This causes erosion and the washing away of the remaining fertile soil and seeds. As a result, the land degrades even further and the vegetation cover is lost. This negative vicious circle can be broken, and land can be restored and regreened by utilizing proven interventions such as semi-circular bunds (half-moon shaped basins dug in earth) on communal lands and terrace bunds on farmland.
For example, in places where the soil is dry, the water can't help much. It just washes the top of the soil, without entering its deeper layers. If this happens often, it's highly likely that erosion will occur. Erosion itself damages, even more, the fertile soil and the seeds in it. This process can be stopped by implementing professional solutions. Speaking of, semi-circular bunds on certain types of land and terrace bunds on others are but parts of the solution.
We believe that the plantation of trees needs to be under controlled conditions, involving a lot of patience as well as metrics such as wind control, shelters, and conservation. In return, your business will receive many benefits in different areas of the environment. Being an eco-friendly company allows trees to become shelters for many animals, insects, and more. This can only boost your marketing efforts as an eco-responsible organization.
DGB not only helps the processes of restoring the dry soil by checking for possible interventions and conditions, but it also puts efforts into replanting forests, planting new ones in more specific ways, using unique strategies. Also, we put an accent on mobilizing the carbon dioxide and reducing it in every household by educating others on how to count their carbon dioxide footprint on a day-to-day basis. We constantly work on underlining the causes of pollution in the air, water, soil, and the impact they have on our lives. It's essential to know how much we are putting at stake here.